T.R.E.E.S. Research Center is situated on 200 acres of private land located in the Maya Mountain foothills, in an altitudinal range of 200 m to 300 m. Maya Mountains are a sequestered mountain range which forms a large portion of the Maya Forest dominating the southern half of Belize. Some of the elevations reaching up to about 1300 m. This mountain chain is one the oldest landform in Central America. Consequently the surrounding geology is granite rather than the limestone topography which composes the Northern half of the country. The Maya Forest is ranked as a very important global biodiversity hotspot. This forest extends from the southern Yucatan region of Mexico through Belize, Northern Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador.
The dominant ecosystem present at our site is Lowland Broadleaf Forest. As a result the dominant plant species associated with this habitat and geology include Cohune Palm, Tree Ferns, a multitude of bromeliads and other epiphytes. There are also many lianas and vines especially philodendrons, and a variety of hardwood tree species such as Ironwood, Mahogany, and Sapodilla. Habitat types represented include a combination of primary and secondary growth moist broadleaf forest. As well as moist broadleaf riparian forest, an organic fruit orchard, an old overgrown orchard and pasture. Finally a mixed forested edge and open edge habitat immediately surrounding the center provides lots of edge habitat. Dry Creek, a small river, meanders for about 1 km through the length of the property and is fed by an assortment of mountain tributaries scattered throughout the site. For this reason we have ample freshwater habitat for aquatic and semi-aquatic species. Over 10 km of trails run through the property and connect on the neighbouring property and into the Forest Reserve.